Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2018, Page: 128-134
Analysis of Potential of Inbound Tourism for Major Sources of Tourists and Influencing Factors in China
Wenrong Pan, School of Statistics, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang, China
Ying Liu, School of Statistics, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang, China
Jiang Tong, School of Statistics, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang, China
Received: Jul. 21, 2018;       Accepted: Aug. 1, 2018;       Published: Aug. 29, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajam.20180603.14      View  517      Downloads  42
Abstract
Since 2015, the inbound visitors of most sources of tourists such as Japan, Russia and Malaysia in China have been on a growing decrease. While the inbound visitors of some sources of tourists such as the United States, Germany and Thailand have only shown some subtle changes. Therefore, China’s inbound tourism is facing an increasingly great downward pressure. On the basis of existing researches, this paper screens indicators in light of the economic development of the source of tourists, the appeal of Chinese culture, the economic and trade exchanges with China and transportation costs in China. In consideration of cultural appeal, this paper establishes a new indicator system to evaluate the potential of inbound tourism of major sources of tourists. It finds out the problems in the process of their development and figures out some solutions in order to improve the competitiveness of China’s tourism. At the same time, this paper utilizes the principal component analysis to evaluate the potential of inbound tourism for nineteen sources of tourists with the help of cross-section data in 2015. It also ranks in a comprehensive way the major influencing factors of their potential of inbound tourism with direct oblimin. The ranking in order of importance is the rate of outbound tourism, the per capita national income, the proportion of the 25-64 age group, the number of Confucius Institutes, the number of overseas students in China, as well as investment in China. The evaluation result shows that South Korea, the United States and India are the sources of tourists with the highest potential in China. These countries such as Singapore, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, and France have certain potential to be the sources of tourists. Moreover, Philippines, Indonesia, and Mongolia are at the end of the ranking.
Keywords
Inbound Tourism, Cultural Appeal, Principal Component Analysis, Direct Oblimin
To cite this article
Wenrong Pan, Ying Liu, Jiang Tong, Analysis of Potential of Inbound Tourism for Major Sources of Tourists and Influencing Factors in China, American Journal of Applied Mathematics. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 128-134. doi: 10.11648/j.ajam.20180603.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Tien Pham, Leo Jago, Ray Spurr and Justin Marshall (2015). The Dutch Disease effects on tourism: The case of Australia. Tourism Management 46, 610-622.
[2]
Ender Demir and Giray Gozgor (2017). What about relative corruption? The impact of the relative corruption on the inbound tourism to Turkey. International Journal of Tourism Research 19, 358-366.
[3]
Jewoo Kim and Choong-Ki Lee (2017). Role of tourism price in attracting international tourists: The case of Japanese inbound tourism from South Korea. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management 6, 76-83.
[4]
Hassan F. Gholipour, Reza Tajaddini and Jeremy Nguyen (2016). Happiness and inbound tourism. Annals of Tourism Research 57, 251-253.
[5]
Joan Catherine Henderson (2017). Destination Development: Trends in Japan’s Inbound Tourism. International Journal of Tourism Research 19, 89-98.
[6]
Pan Wenrong, LiuYuzhi, Deng Lulu (2017). The spatial evolution pattern of inbound tourism in China and its impact factors. Journal of Discrete Mathematical Sciences and Cryptography 20, 1291-1295.
[7]
Funck (2012). The innovative potential of inbound tourism in Japan for destination development – a case study of Hida Takayama. Contemporary Japan 24, 121-127.
[8]
Lin Haiying, Meng Nana, Li Wenlong. The Spatial and Temporal Evolution of the Market of Inbound Tourists from Inner Mongolia under the "One Belt, One Road" Strategy [J]. Regional Research and Development, 2016 (35).
[9]
Lü Zhiqiang, Pang Rong, Dai Fuqiang. Analysis of the Time and Space Evolution of China's Tourism Industry and Tourism Environment Coordination in the Past Ten Years [J]. Tourism Resources, 2015 (31).
[10]
Yang Weiqiong, Zhang Hua. Spatial Econometric Analysis of Foreigners' Travel to China [J]. Tourism Journal, 2015 (30).
[11]
Yaping Liu, Yinchang Li, Parnpree Parkpian (2018). Inbound tourism in Thailand: Market form and scale differentiation in ASEAN source countries. Tourism Management 64, 22-36.
[12]
Xu Xu and Markum Reed (2017). Perceived pollution and inbound tourism in China. Tourism Management Perspectives 21, 109-112.
[13]
Elena Cavagnaro, Simona Staffieri, Fiona Ngesa (2015). Looking from a local lens: Inbound tour operators and sustainable tourism in Kenya. Research in Hospitality Management 5, 135-145.
[14]
Wenming Shi, Kevin X. Li (2017). Impact of unexpected events on inbound tourism demand modeling: evidence of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome outbreak in South Korea. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research 22, 344-356.
[15]
Shi, Ji, Wang, Li (2016). Impacts of star-rated hotel expansion on inbound tourism development: evidence from China. Applied Economics 48, 3033-3048.
[16]
Chor Foon Tang, Eu Chye Tan (2016). The determinants of inbound tourism demand in Malaysia: another visit with non-stationary panel data approach. Anatolia 27, 189-200.
Browse journals by subject